[Sticky] What is Laravel and Why You Should Learn it?
Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework, created by Taylor Otwell and intended for the development of web applications. A Framework is a set of conceptual structures and guidelines, used to build something useful.
Each PHP framework has its own implementation, features, and capabilities. Laravel provides uniques features like Eloquent, Restful Routing, Query Builder, Blade templating and Homestead which makes Laravel a great framework.
What is Laravel?
Laravel is one of the most popular PHP frameworks used across the globe to build web applications ranging from small to big projects. Laravel is the choice of professional developers because of its performance, features, and scalability.
Laravel follows MVC (Model View Controller) structure which makes it easy to learn and rapidly prototype the web applications. Laravel takes the pain out of web application development by providing built-in features like authentication, mail, routing, sessions, and the list goes on.
Laravel is so easy to customize that you can create your own project structure which meets the demand of your web application. With Laravel’s beautiful and elegant syntax, you can write code that is self-explanatory and expressive.
Key Features of Laravel Framework
Laravel framework possesses a large ecosystem that includes features like instant deployment, routing, ORM, DB query, Routing, Templating and list goes one.
Here are some of the features of the Laravel framework which set the Laravel framework apart from other frameworks.
1. Dependency Management
Dependency Injection is a method to remove the hard-coded classes and injecting them using a tool like Composer.
Laravel is designed to make a modular application, even Laravel itself is a collection of components. Using modular structure you can design and develop a large-scale enterprise application with ease. Laravel provides very simple guidelines to create modules or packages in Laravel.
Authentication is an integral part of any modern web application. Writing authentication in other frameworks such as Codeigniter can take a lot of your development time. Laravel provides authentication out of the box, with running a simple command you can create a fully functional authentication system.
Caching is a technique to store data in a temporary storage location and can be retrieved quickly when needed.
Routing in Laravel very easy to understand and much like the Ruby on Rails framework. Laravel routing can be used to create a restful application with ease. You can group routes, name them, apply filters to them and bind your model data to them.
Laravel routes can use to create search engines friendly URLs with great flexibility and control.
6. Restful Controllers
Laravel’s restful controllers enable you to separate logic behind serving the GET or POST requests. You can also create resource controllers that can be used to create CRUD easily. Later you can bind the resource controller to route to serve all CRUD routes automatically.
7. Testing and Debugging
Laravel comes with PHPUnit out of the box to test your applications. Laravel was built with testing in mind thus support testing and debugging too much extent.
8. Template Engine
Blade is the templating engine of Laravel. All Blade templates use file extension .blade.php.
9. Database Query Builder
Laravel’s database query builder provides a convenient way to create database queries.
10. Eloquent ORM
Laravel is based on Eloquent ORM which provides support for almost all database engines. It works perfectly with MySQL and SQLite.
11. File System
Laravel provides support for multiple file systems. You can use a local file system or any cloud-based like Amazon S3. You can select which file system you want to use by changing the options in the config/filesystems.php file.
Laravel provides an intuitive way to create secure web applications. Laravel stores all passwords as a hash instead of plain text passwords. Laravel use BCrytp to hash passwords. Laravel provides security from SQL injection attacks and also escape all user inputs to avoid the injection of any script tags.
Laravel’s command-line tool is called Artisan. Laravel comes with dozens of pre-built commands which you can run on a command-line interface to perform tasks.
14. Migration System
Laravel provides a migration system just like Ruby on Rails to create database structures. You can use PHP language to write migration which will create your database structure instead of using SQL.
Using Envoy you can run the most common task on your remote servers from within your application. It also allows you to set up tasks for deployment.
Laravel enables you to create a multilingual application at the same time you are building your application. You can access the strings in different languages using trans() helper.